Original Articles

Night work and quality of life. A study on the health of nurses


Abstract


Background. Job quality and evaluation of workers’ health have both medical and social important implications. We studied health-related quality of life (HRQL) in nurses who perform their activity in night shifts.

Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted between October and November 2014.  Nurses who attended night shift in the Siena Teaching Hospital (Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese – AOUS) were sampled using EpiInfo software (confidence interval 95%) and investigated using the SF-36 Questionnaire. Our results were compared with the Italian general population (Apolone, 1997). A Descriptive analysis was conducted. Wilcoxon test, Pearson coefficient, t-test, Wilcoxon signed-rank test and logistic regression were used for the statistical investigation.

Results. 197 questionnaires were analyzed. Females were 71.7%; mean age was 39.2 years (DS 8.6); smokers were 37.8%. Males scores were higher than those of females in all dimensions of physical and mental health (p <0.05). The time taken to reach the place of work appeared to influence the dimension of General Health (coeff. -0.17); we found a worsening of 0.17 points of this dimension for every minute spent in travel. Men and nurses with more working years had a better score in Physical Pain dimension. AOUS nurses scored significantly (p <0.05) less compared with the correspondent Italian general population in General Health, Energy-fatigue, Social unctioning, Physical functioning and Bodily pain.

Conclusions. There is a significant relationship between night work and HRQL of nurses. The health profile of AOUS nurses’ ranks below the values of the Italian general population in various dimensions.

 

 


Keywords


Night work, quality of life, nurse

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